CBD had a powerful effect on a patient

The rejuvenating fragrances of lemon, pine, eucalyptus and hemp all have something in common. Their smell is because of natural substances called terpenes. Terpenes are a big class of aromatic chemicals discovered in many different plants, foods and important oils. In hemp, terpenes lie inside the trichomes, small mushroom-shaped crystals that cover leaves and flowers.

There are also more than a handful of terpenes. It is believed that there are more than a hundred. Each has a slightly different chemical structure, which provides it an unique scent. Although it can please our sense of smell, they are primarily intended to protect plants by repelling bacteria, fungi and bugs.

Thankfully for us, research studies have shown that terpenes can do more than just supply an enjoyable scent or discourage predators. They have also been discovered to invoke a wide range of biological impacts in people, which we will talk about in more detail quickly.

How many terpenes exist, and what are they called?

As we suggested previously, terpenes are not unique to hemp. If you open your kitchen cabinet, you will discover everyday foods that also consist of high concentrations of terpenes, such as black pepper, mango or lemongrass.

Although there are over a hundred different terpenes, some are more common than others. A few of the popular terpenes include the following:

• Myrcene

Myrcene is the most common terpene in the Cannabis sativa types, but it is also really common in clover, sage, hops and cumin.

• Limonene

Keep in mind the rejuvenating smell of lemon we talked about earlier – it’s thanks to limonene. This terpene is widely utilized in fragrances, cosmetics and air cleansing.

• β-Caryophyllene

Spicy and peppery, beta-caryophyllene is best known for its presence in black pepper, cloves and cinnamon.

• Linalool

You will quickly acknowledge the floral scent of linalool. It is an acrid terpene that is most commonly discovered in lavender.

What makes terpenes special?

Terpenes are essential not just because of their smell, but also because of their potential synergy with cannabinoids like component CBD, CBN and CBG in the human body.

Think of the hemp plant as a big glass container. First, we fill this jar with stones; these are cannabinoids, the largest group of substances. Then we use smaller pebbles to fill in some holes; these are our terpenes. Finally, to fill the pot, we pour sand into it; flavonoids and other important molecules. You require all the elements to make a whole plant.

In addition, there is proof to suggest that when cannabinoids and terpenes coexist, their respective biological impacts are boosted. This phenomenon, called the entourage result, is what makes the molecules present in hemp unique. However, even in isolation, research studies have shown that terpenes can have their own biological effects.

What are the impacts of terpenes?

The potential of terpenes seems large. A study by the British Pharmacological Society discovered that terpenes have “unique therapeutic impacts that can significantly contribute to the entourage result of medical marijuana extracts”. They included that the interactions in between cannabinoids and terpenes could lead to “synergy in the treatment of pain, inflammation, depression, stress and anxiety, drug addiction, epilepsy, cancer, fungal infections and bacterial “.

Simply put, if cannabinoids are the stars of the program, they could be much more impactful with the assistance of terpenes. There’s still a lot to discover about the inner workings of terpenes, and while we’ve noted a few of them above, they’re just the tip of the iceberg. In future short articles, we will continue to explore terpenes in more detail to learn exactly what they can be capable of. Visit One World CBD for more info.

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